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7 Institutional Framework for Coordination


The following institutional arrangements are considered necessary for the implementation of this policy:

  • Executive national coordination.

  • A capacity for Research, Development and Innovation coordination that should be aligned to the institutional arrangements of the national science and technology system championed by the Department of Science and Technology.

  • A capacity for coordinating adaptation and mitigation actions.

  • A system and capacity for measuring, reporting and verifying climate change responses. This capacity would need to be aligned to the international system that is currently being negotiated and would in all likelihood require that carbon emissions and their reductions be measured, as well as the financing, technology and capacity building initiatives that underpin this, as well as support our adaptation programmes.

  • A capacity for facilitating and promoting the use of carbon trading and off-set schemes.

  • A means of monitoring and evaluating Government policies, strategies and legislation to ensure alignment

However, with the implementation of this policy, and as the transition to a climate resilient and low-carbon economy and society evolves, it may be appropriate to adjust these institutional arrangements accordingly.

In ensuring proper coordination on climate change issues, the following cooperative structures and mechanisms will be utilized: 


Codefication of Carbon Rights

A review of South African laws and policies may be required, particularly where climate change mitigation interventions may result in the payment for emissions reductions and/or carbon sequestration. Within the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector, carbon rights will need to be defined. What principles will be used to deine these rights & who will participate in developing the definition? Policy and legal reforms will be required to ensure that there are equitable outcomes for LULUCF interventions and that all custodians and stakeholders are eligible for a share of the benefits. Payment for carbon may be linked to land ownership and the rights of local communities reliant upon natural resources may need to be clarified. Securing rights, including to carbon, can enhance effective community management and thus can secure forest and other land resources - and the carbon within it. Where climate change mitigation activities under LULUCF may affect local communities, there are procedural rights and local communities have a right to free and informed prior consent before mitigation inteventions are undertaken.

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The institutional framework

The institutional framework for coordination of the response strategy should ensure alignment with developments in UNFCCC, such as links with ecosystems and as mechanisms for REDD develop. A focus should be made for SA to become and National Implementing Entity for adaptation funds, so we can have access to these funds in future.

We believe that funds from private sector including banking, insurance, high polluting industry should also support adaptation responses and not only mitigation. This could include ecosystem restoration on a large scale in Eastern Cape as an example, in the process creating jobs and assisting in poverty alleviation.

It should be emphasized that conservation agriculture practices are being taught in all agriculture schools and supported by extension officers across the country.

Provincial and municipality departments should be funded to develop adaptation plans that link into the IDP process and be funded to implement projects that reduce risk and vulnerability for their communities which include ecosystem based approaches.