9.2 Monitoring, verifying and Reporting Overall Mitigation Efforts

 

In line with government’s local and international undertakings and South Africa’s climate change response objective, South Africa’s climate change mitigation interventions are informed by, and will be monitored and measured against the following peak, plateau and decline emission trajectory, where:

  1. South Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions peak in 2020 to 2025 at 34% and 42% respectively below a business as usual baseline.

  2. South Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions plateau from peak in 2020 to 2035 South Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions begin declining in absolute terms from plateau levels from 2036 onwards.

With the context of South Africa’s climate change response objective, the emission trajectory described above is considered to be a fair contribution to the stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. It should be noted that the above trajectory is an ambitious one for a country that is as energy intensive and coal dependent as South Africa. In this context, the need for international finance, technology and capacity building support is a critical factor in the achievement of the trajectory. A key element of an international climate deal is likely to include an international monitoring, reporting and verification system (MRV) which will monitor and report on mitigation actions in developing countries. South Africa would want to make use of the National Communication system for this.

In order to monitor, verify and report mitigation progress and the efficacy of South Africa’s mitigation interventions, South Africa will –

  1. Develop, test and commission a web-based greenhouse gas emission reporting system as part of the National Atmospheric Emission Inventory component of the South African Air Quality Information System by 2012.

  2. Require the mandatory submission of greenhouse gas emission data to the National Atmospheric Emission Inventory by all significant emitters and compilers of greenhouse gas emission related data and/or proxy data by 2013.

  3. Publish an annual report comparing actual greenhouse gas emission data against the emission trajectory described above by 2014.

  4. Keep a register of climate actions that result in the mitigation of greenhouse gases and also use this to measure progress against the overall GHG emission trajectory and national reduction targets.